Posts Tagged ‘Hill’s Prescription Diet’

What is kidney disease?

     Kidneys are very important because they remove waste substances from the blood, and maintain the normal balance of fluid and minerals within the body.  Any condition that damages the kidneys is referred to as kidney disease.

     In some cases, pets may show early warning signs of disease.  However, signs of serious illness only appear when three-quarters of the kidneys’ function has already been lost.  This is the reason why early detection is so important, especially for pets age 7 or older.  A simple blood test is all that is required to detect the disease.

What causes kidney disease?

  • Age:  The chances of developing kidney problems increases after the age of 7.
  • Food:  Some foods high in phosphorus and protein can increase the progression of kidney disease.
  • Breed:  Some breeds are more likely to develop particular types of kidney disease.
  • Environment:  Some chemicals, including disinfectants, antifreeze, lead paint and some human medications can damage the kidneys.

What are common signs of kidney disease?

Why does the vet recommend Hill’s Prescription Diet?

     Hill’s has three formulas (g/d, k/d, u/d) depending on the degree of disease and nutritional requirements to manage the disease. 

g/d has low phosporus and low protein to ease the workload on the kidneys.  High Omega 3 fatty acids and low sodium increase blood flow to the kidneys and slow progression of the disease in early-stage cases.

k/d and u/d (dogs only) have reduced protein, phosphorus, and sodium; increased Omega 3 fatty acids and B-complex vitamins, leading to a longer survival time [as compared to dogs fed a regular commercial diet.]

Information taken from Hill’s Pet Nutrition pamphlet “Kidney Conditions,” available at our clinic.

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The following is excerpted from “Joint Health,” a guide produced by Hill’s Pet Nutrition, Inc.

What is arthritis?
Arthritis is a general term for abnormal changes in a joint.  These changes occur when cartilage is worn away faster than it can be replaced.  Cartilage acts as a cushion to protect the bones.  When it wears away, joints become swollen and painful.

Although arthritis is not curable, the good news is that nutrition can help manage the disease, improve mobility and ease the pain.  With the right nutrition and care from your veterinarian, your pet should be able to enjoy an active, healthy life for many years to come.

What causes arthritis?
…As pets get older, cartilage will begin to degenerate.  Many senior dogs suffer from arthritis to some degree.

Breed…Large breeds are more prone to arthritis.  These include Labradors, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds and Rottweilers.

Excess weight…Weight gain puts extra stress on the joints, which can lead to arthritis.

Accidents and damage…Joints can deteriorate as a result of stress or trauma caused by an accident.

Congenital defects…Some pets are born with conditions that make arthritis more likely in later life.

Infection…Occasionally, an infection can lead to the destruction of joint tissue and cartilage.

Does my pet have arthritis?
If your pet has arthritis, the first thing you’ll notice is that he or she finds movement difficult and is reluctant to walk, run and jump.  Your pet may also yelp or flinch when touched in the affected area.

Arthritis makes it difficult to:

  • Rise from rest
  • Jump
  • Walk and run
  • Play
  • Climb stairs

If you see any of these signs in your pet, it could have arthritis, or it could have a more serious condition.  Have your pet examined by the veterinarian before beginning treatment.

Hill’s Pet Nutrition offers Prescription Diet  j/d, a food which contains elevated omega-3 fatty acids.  Omega 3 acts to reduce inflammation in the joints and block the production of enzymes that destroy cartilage.

Prescription Diet j/d is available to our registered patients when recommended by Dr. Miele.

Visit for additional information. 

The Joint Health brochure is available at our office.  Or, to receive a copy at home, send an e-mail to and include your mailing address.



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